The remainder of the Poetics is given over to examination of the other elements of tragedy and to discussion of various techniques, devices, and stylistic principles. Aristotle explains such change of fortune "should be not from bad to good, but, reversely, from good to bad.
A poor student comes to a dangerous theory that people can be subdivided into two main groups: The hamartia of Oedipus in his over confidence and the hamartia of Agamemnon is his pride.
Particularly significant is his statement that the plot is the most important element of tragedy: The tragic hero, according to Aristotle, is a hero who is held high on a pedestal, seems to be a person of great virtue, who through no apparent fault of his own, falls from his high position to the lowest depths possible.
Hamartia — a tragic flaw that causes the downfall of a hero. U of Toronto P.
Nemesis — a punishment that the protagonist cannot avoid, usually occurring as a result of his hubris. The various incidents of a plot must be so arranged that if any of them is taken away the effect of wholeness will be seriously disrupted. Examples of Tragic Hero in Literature Example 1: But it doesn't seem easy.
Aristotle prefers complex plot like the plot of Oedipus Rex, by Sophocles to simple plot. They attacked and the two brothers killed each other. They attacked and the two brothers killed each other.
Therefore, the Aristotelian hero is characterized as virtuous but not "eminently good," which suggests a noble or important personage who is upstanding and morally inclined while nonetheless subject to human error.
They are character, plot, diction, thought, spectacle and song.
Peripeteia — The reversal of fate that the hero experiences. Polyneices and his brother, Eteocles, were kings, and the former wanted more power, so he left and assembled an army from a neighboring city.
According to Aristotle tragedy should represent such actions; tragic poets should represent actions capable of awakening pity and fear. Thus, in Oedipus Rex, the hero understands who are his real parents, that he killed his own father, married his mother, and all his attempts to change his destiny were in vain.
This gives wisdom to the audience to avoid such things in their everyday lives. If you choose Raskolnikov as on of tragic hero examples for a heroic essay, you will have to point out that the hamartia here is based on his ideas about how the society should work.
Oedipus, Oedipus Rex By Sophocles Aristotle has used his character Oedipus as a perfect example of a tragic hero, as he has hubris such that he is blind to the truth.
The perfection of style demands clearness without manners.A tragic hero is the protagonist of a tragedy in dramas. In his Poetics, Aristotle records the descriptions of the tragic hero to the playwright and strictly defines the place that the tragic hero must play and the kind of man he must be.
Aristotle based his observations on previous dramas. “Aristotle’s Definition of the Tragic Hero and Irony in Tragedy” Oedipus Rex, Othello, and Death of a Salesman Words Jan 16th, 13 Pages Classification and definition of tragedy are among many things widely disputed in the all too equivocal realm of composition and literary studies.
Aristotle’s Definition of Tragedy and Tragic Hero in Poetics In chapter 6 of Poetics Aristotle embarks upon the most important subject of Poetics - the tragic drama. And in the following chapters he discusses the nature of tragedy and its constituent parts such as plot, character, diction, thought, spectacle and song.
The Aristotelian tragic hero inevitably suffers a tragic death, having fallen from great heights and made an irreversible mistake.
The hero must courageously accept their death with honour. Other common traits of the Aristotelian tragic hero. Tragic Hero Definition: A tragic hero is a person, usually of noble birth, with heroic or potentially heroic qualities. This person is doomed by fate, some supernatural force to be destroyed, or endure great suffering.
The hero struggles admirably against this fate, but fails because of a flaw or mistake. Aristotle defined a tragic hero as “such a person who neither is superior in virtue and justice, nor undergoes a change to misfortune because of vice and wickedness, but because of some error, and who is one of those people with a great reputation and good fortune” (duBois 63).Download